Explained: Shutdown, sleep and hibernate in Windows 11, what they do and when to use them – Times of India

Microsoft Windows offers three shutdown options – Sleep, Hibernate, and Shutdown. These three options appear when you try to shut down your computer, and we've been seeing these options since we got to know Windows.
But, as useful as it is, it's always confusing which option is the right one, especially when turning off the computer. In this article we will discuss all three options, what they do and when to use them. Read it.
Close: What does it do?
Shutting down is probably the easiest option of the three. It's simple – it closes all programs running on the system, including services and background applications, and then completely shuts down the computer. Basically, everything on the computer is turned off, nothing is saved. After using this feature and restarting your computer, it gives you a fresh start.
Hibernate: What it does
Hibernate is a slightly toned down version of Shutdown. While it disables all running apps and services, it keeps the stuff in RAM. which includes running apps, applications and data in process. It's faster than shutting down and also brings things back up when you turn the computer back on. It basically maintains the current state of the computer and resumes from where users left off.
Sleep: What does it do?
Sleep mode is generally the fastest of the three. It puts the system into low power mode and quickly reboots users to start working again. Which means all running applications and services will remain open along with all system processes. Basically, there is no data loss in this process.
But, it also consumes a significant amount of battery compared to the other two modes.
When to use these power settings
Shutdown is for when you are going to leave the computer unused for a long period of time. For example, when traveling at night or going on vacation. Also, if you don't want to keep anything on your computer.
Hibernate is for situations where you want to keep something in the system and also load it faster than shutdown. The best part is that it's relatively energy efficient, so users don't have to worry about losing things if the charge runs out.
Sleet mode is idle for a quick break during long work hours and when you have access to a power source or the computer is plugged into a power outlet.